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School of Fontainbleau (formerly attributed to Luca Penni), Diana Huntress, c. 1550, oil on canvas, 191 x 132 cm, Musée du Louvre, Paris

Artemis (Greek) or Diana (Roman) is the goddess of the moon and the hunt.  The daughter of Zeus/Jupiter and Leto, and the twin sister of Apollo, she is a virgin and a symbol of chastity.  She is a skilled huntress and often bathes in a spring, which becomes the basis for several myths, including that of Actaeon.

She is also sometimes portrayed with a stag and a spear.