Saint Bernard

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Marcello Venusti, Saint Bernard Crushing a Demon, 1563, oil on panel, 221.5 x 107.7 cm, Pinacoteca Vaticana, Vatican City

Bernard was the founder of the Cistercian order and the aboot of a monastery where he was a stern leader but greatly imporoved conditions.  He was also known for his writings.

In addition to those seen here, another attribute of Bernard is a white dog carrying a torch in its mouth, which refers to a dream a of his mother's.  He rarely wears a mitre but it sometimes appears at his feet.  He can also hold a host of the Eucharist, and is sometimes depicted with a beehive, which symbolizes eloquence.