Saint BernardView Fullscreen
Marcello Venusti, Saint Bernard Crushing a Demon, 1563, oil on panel, 221.5 x 107.7 cm, Pinacoteca Vaticana, Vatican City
Bernard was the founder of the Cistercian order and the aboot of a monastery where he was a stern leader but greatly imporoved conditions. He was also known for his writings.
In addition to those seen here, another attribute of Bernard is a white dog carrying a torch in its mouth, which refers to a dream a of his mother's. He rarely wears a mitre but it sometimes appears at his feet. He can also hold a host of the Eucharist, and is sometimes depicted with a beehive, which symbolizes eloquence.