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Sandro Botticelli, Mars and Venus, c. 1483, tempera on panel, 69 x 173 cm, National Gallery, London

Ares (Greek) or Mars (Roman) is the god of war.  The son of Zeus/Jupiter and Hera/Juno, he is disliked by most of the gods and frequently in opposition with Athena/Minerva.  He is one of Aphrodite/Venus's lovers, and they are caught together by her husband, Hephaestus/Vulcan.  

Though he is typically portrayed as a young man, he can also be older.  Aside from those symbols shown here, his attributes include a halberd and shield, and sometimes a wolf.